How to Use a Woodworking Router for the Beginner?

If you have an interest in carpentry, you must have heard the term router table and woodworking router. This is a versatile power tool that helps you to route complex and easy edges on hard wooden pieces. If you are a beginner and lack experience in working with a wood router, then today's article is for you. 

With little practice, you can perform an array of woodworking tasks with the best woodworking router. Using this tool is nothing so difficult. By following a few steps and practice, you can get perfection in your project. Let's get into it without further ado.

How to Use a Woodworking Router?

With a wood router, you will get a new level of experience, and it will save you time.  Before you start using this, determine its exact usage. Make a choice between fixed or plunge based router. Only then follow the steps below to know how you can use a woodworking router.


1. Use the Right Bits for Your Project

Both the plunge and fixed routers have a collet. This collet allows you to use several types of bits depending on your work types. The range of bits is wide but below we have mentioned some of the most common bits-

  • Cove Bit –  For making a rounded profile on the edge of the stock or wood, use the cove bit.
  • Roundover Bit – This bit will help you to cut the round profile into the square one.
  • Straight Cutting Bit – As the name suggests,  with the help of this bit, you can create a straight or square channel into the middle of the wooden piece.
  • Ogee Bit – It is also known as a Roman bit that helps to make an ornate S-shaped profile on the edge of the wood.

There is more to offer different types of profiles on the wood edge.

2. Install Router Bit Properly

Installing the router bit properly in the router's collet is an important part. Improper installation will result in vibration and will lead you to an inaccurate rough finish. If you want proper finishing of the edges, the bit needs to be turned smoothly.


At first, check if the bit is sharp and clean enough. Likely ¾ of the shank is needed to place inside the router’s collet. Later on, do not forget to make sure you have tightened the bit securely.

3. Select Accurate Router Bit Speed

The spinning of a  router’s motor can be up to 25,000 rotations per minute (rpm). This means it rotates more than 400 times per second. But you can adjust this speed. So, if you do not need such a high speed lower the speed according to your task.

4. Shank Router Bit

From the woodworking supplier, you will find two different shank sizes of the bit to fit properly to the router collet. These two sizes are ½ and ¼  inch. Buy the proper size of shank before you start to use the router.

5. How to Avoid Splintering Wood

Some woods have strong grain, and if you do not take proper care, the wood will easily splint. To avoid or lessen this splintering, make sure you are using sharp bits of good condition. Try to cut with the grain rather than cutting against it. Moreover, create several passes while cutting and avoid to cut in one go to finish the full depth cut.


6. Move from Left to Right of the Router

Most of the beginners make this mistake of moving the router along the wood. To get the best result, you need to advance the router in the opposite direction of its rotation.

Simply saying, move the router from the left to right when it is in a top-up setting. By doing so, you can get better control of the tool.

7. Safety Precaution

Whenever you use a power a tool, remember to deem some safety precaution. To protect your eyes from wood chips and flying debris, you should use safety glass. Also, use ear defender to be saved from the noise. As the router rotates at high speed, securing the bit firmly to the collet is a must to avoid any unintentional accident.

Final Words

We hope you have found this article useful and have an excellent experience with the woodworking router in your upcoming project.

We would love to hear your feedback and experience.

Thank you.

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